Wondering about how to write an introduction and outline for your research paper ? Explore our handy tips and useful steps which will help you while writing and.
Table of contents
- How to Write an Introduction to a Research Paper
- Formatting a research paper outline
- How to Write an Outline for a Research Paper: Become an Essay Guru
This section can then flow into how you are going to fill the gap, laying out your objectives and methodology. You are trying to predict what impact your research will have and the consequences of rejecting or accepting the null hypothesis. The introduction is the place to highlight any weaknesses in the experiment from the start. For example, an ideal experiment should have perfectly randomized samples , but there are many good reasons why this is not always possible.
As long as you warn the reader about this, so that they are aware of the shortcomings, then they can easily judge the validity of the research for themselves. This is much better than making them wait until you point the weaknesses out in the discussion. You should also highlight any assumptions that you make about conditions during the research. You should set out your basic principles before embarking upon the experiment: any research will be built around some assumptions. For example, if you were performing educational research, you may assume that all students at the same school are from a very similar socio-economic background, with randomization smoothing out any variables.
By alerting the reader to the fact that these assumptions have been made, you are giving them the opportunity to interpret and assess the results themselves. After all, a weakness in your paper might later inspire another research question, so be very clear about your assumptions early on. There are a few tips that can help you write a strong introduction, arouse interest and encourage the reader to read the rest of your work.
Keep it Short. A long and rambling introduction will soon put people off and lose you marks. Stick closely to your outline for the paper , and structure your introduction in a similar way. Define the Problem. The entire introduction should logically end at the research question and thesis statement or hypothesis.
The reader, by the end of the introduction, should know exactly what you are trying to achieve with the paper. In addition, your conclusion and discussion will refer back to the introduction, and this is easier if you have a clearly defined problem. As you write the paper, you may find that it goes in a slightly different direction than planned. In this case, go with the flow, but make sure that you adjust the introduction accordingly.
How to Write an Introduction to a Research Paper
Some people work entirely from an outline and then write the introduction as the last part of the process. This is fine if it works for you. Once your introduction is complete, you can now think about tackling the rest of the paper. If your written report or research paper is extremely long, it may be helpful to include a Table of Contents showing the page number where each section begins.
For those writing a lengthy document, i. A less involved Table of Contents may simply include the following sections: Introduction, Body use main section headings , Conclusion or Summary , Works Cited or References , along with the corresponding page number where each section begins. No special word, phrase or fancy symbol is needed to mark the end of your essay. A period at the end of your last sentence is all that is needed.
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Sheets of paper should be stapled at the upper left-hand corner. Use a paper clip if no stapler is available. Do not use a pin or fold the paper. Unless specifically requested by your teacher, do not hand in your paper in a folder, a binder, a plastic jacket, rolled up with an elastic band around it, or tied with a ribbon or a string. Do not spray perfume or cologne on your paper or use scented paper. And NEVER hand in your research or term paper in loose sheets even if the sheets are numbered and neatly placed in an envelope or folder.
The condition of the paper you hand in is an indication of the respect you have for yourself and for your teacher. The topics used for each research paper are inherently different, and even identical topics will appear to be unique based on the viewpoints and educational level of the author. It should include a bulleted list of subheadings and headings; be sure to mention as much detail as possible. Crossing out each section as you finish it will help you to stay thorough. Here is a sample research paper outline.
Formatting a research paper outline
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How to Write an Outline for a Research Paper: Become an Essay Guru
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Free Plagiarism Checker. Your sentence outline should, if done thoroughly and carefully, represent almost a first draft of your research paper. The purpose, in other words, of doing this work is not to make work for you, but to save you work in the long run by breaking the job down into smaller, manageable tasks. A paper of 12 pages about 4, words might have four major topics or points, represented by roman numerals I — IV in the outline. This would mean each point would represent about three pages of the final paper.
These three pages will include background information, multiple sources, different pieces of evidence and explanation supporting that point, and often a brief description of alternative views and an explanation of why those views are not so convincing. Smaller points supporting each of the main points might then take up a single page, or 2 — 3 paragraphs—again with evidence, explanation, alternative views and so on.
Finally, even smaller points under these might correspond to individual paragraphs in the final draft. First make sure which are main and which are supporting points. For example, you may find that what you thought was a main point is really part of proving another main point.
Or, what you first listed under a main point may need its own section. This may change as you continue to work on the outline and draft the paper. Now you can decide what order you want to present your ideas in. Again, label them with letters or numbers to indicate the sequence.
Try out at least two different sequences.